A forklift moving forward with a capacity load could tip forward if forced to stop abruptly; or. A forklift turning a corner with an unbalanced load could tip over if it drove into a pothole.
What should you do if the forklift tips over?
If the forklift is tipping over, protect yourself by staying put: Stay in your seat and do not attempt to jump off. Lean away from the falling direction of the lift. Hold onto the steering wheel and make sure you’re stable.
Why are unloaded forklifts more likely to tip over?
Most tip over incidents involve unloaded forklifts, which are more unstable than a loaded forklift with the load carried low. To avoid a forklift tipping over, the most important specifications to consider are lift capacity, the maximum load supported, and vertical lift travel.
What affects forklift stability?
Load weight, weight distribution, size, shape, and position are key factors affecting the stability of the forklift. … To the extent that the load differs from this theoretical load — such as if it is irregularly shaped, has unbalanced weight distribution, or is not centered on the forks — the capacity may be reduced.
What is the most common type of forklift accident?
Now, the most common types of a forklift accident are when one overturns, when a worker is stuck, pinned-beneath, or crushed by a forklift, or when a worker falls from a forklift.
Why do forklifts not tip over?
At the back of every forklift is a counterweight. The size of this counterweight will depend on the capacity of the forklift. … The counterweight acts as a balance for the weight being lifted by the truck’s forks. As long as the center of gravity is inside the wheelbase for the vehicle, the forklift won’t tip over.
Which steps should you do every time you park a forklift?
- Select an area to park. Do not park in an unauthorized area. Do not block an aisle or exits. Follow your company’s parking procedures.
- Apply brake slowly and stop.
- Neutralize the controls.
- Set the parking brake.
- Turn off the ignition.
- If the truck is parked on an incline, block the wheels.
Can a forklift tip over without a load?
Forklift Safety Rule Two: Don’t tip over. Many untrained operators assume that they can drive faster without a load, but look at the location of the CG with unloaded forks. … On the other hand a loaded forklift is more likely to tip forward with the CG now closer to the front axle.
When should you drive a forklift backwards?
“Drive backwards if the load obstructs your forward view; but use a rotating seat if you have one. Otherwise the frequent twisting will put excessive strain on your spine.” That, in brief, is the recommendation set out for drivers and operators.
Where can you not park a forklift?
Do not park the forklift in a location with its fork arms protruding the passageway, where there are a lot of pedestrians who will have to step over them. Do not leave the truck in any access doorways and it should not block any stairways of the workplace. Never leave the truck near first aid stations.
What is the stability triangle on a forklift?
Forklift stability is based on keeping the center of gravity inside what’s called the stability triangle. This stability triangle is made by connecting the two front wheels and the pivot point of the rear axle. The other concept to understand is the forklift’s center of gravity.
How can a forklift be overturned?
WHAT CAUSES FORKLIFT OVERTURNS? — Turning, stopping or pushing the go pedal too quickly. — Driving on an incline. — An unbalanced load, driving with a load too high or a load too heavy for the equipment.
Where is the point of balance on a forklift?
The Forklift Fulcrum
The fulcrum is the central pivot point of a seesaw. The front axle is the fulcrum of the forklift where the counterweight and the load find balance.
What is the number one cause of forklift accidents?
Forklift overturns are the leading cause of fatalities involving lift trucks. Overturns can be caused by: Improper turning. Driving with an elevated load.
Why are forklifts so dangerous?
There are many factors that explain why forklifts are dangerous: … The load of a forklift is carried in the front of the vehicle, blocking the line of sight of the operator. Forklifts are frequently required to lift heavy loads to high places. Mistakes made during lifting can lead to serious injuries from falling loads.
Which areas on a forklift can cause injuries?
4 Common Causes of Forklift Operator Injury or Death
- Lift trucks are inadvertently driven off loading docks.
- Lifts fall between docks and an unsecured trailer while a worker in onboard.
- Workers (or pedestrians) can be struck by a lift truck.
- Trucks may fall while on elevated pallets and tines.
4 мар. 2019 г.