The following checks must be made before using an attachment on a forklift: The attachment must suit the truck you are fitting it to, and must be suitable for the type of load you are lifting. It must be properly attached to the forklift with a suitable locking device.
What should you check before lifting a load?
Check that the overhead clearance is adequate before raising loads. Do not raise or lower the fork unless the lift truck is stopped and braked. Lift loads straight up or tilt back slightly. Do not lift a load that extends above the load backrest unless no part of the load can possibly slide back toward the operator.
What are 3 fluid levels that need to be checked before using the forklift?
Therefore, before you can use your forklift for operations ensure you check the brake fluids, hydraulic fluids, and the engine oil levels. If they do not match the recommended levels ensure they are properly replenished.
How do you inspect a forklift?
Check for leaks, cracks and visible defects everywhere on the forklift. Check mast chains visually; avoid the use of hands. Test mast chain tension by lifting the load backrest to eye level—the mast chains should be level and any tilting may signify stretching or broken rollers.
How does attachment affect the capacity of the forklift?
Most attachments will decrease the forklifts rated capacity for two reasons. First, the weight of the attachment will reduce the capacity of the forklift. Second, most attachments will move the load center of the load further away from the face of the carriage and thereby have the effect of lowering the capacity.
What will make the load more stable during travel?
When traveling with a load, always make sure to tilt the mast of the forklift backward so that the load will firmly place against the backrest to make it more secure during transport. By doing this, you move the center of gravity towards to rear of the forklift making it more secure when traveling.
What is the correct lifting technique?
Do not attempt to lift by bending forward. Bend your hips and knees to squat down to your load, keep it close to your body, and straighten your legs to lift. Never lift a heavy object above shoulder level. Avoid turning or twisting your body while lifting or holding a heavy object.
What is the first thing you need to do before raising or lowering a load?
Ensure the load is secured before moving. Slowly move the truck to 20 to 30 cm (8 to 12 inches) away from the stack. Stop the truck. Return the mast to the vertical position before lowering the load.
What steps should you do every time you park a forklift?
- Select an area to park. Do not park in an unauthorized area. Do not block an aisle or exits. Follow your company’s parking procedures.
- Apply brake slowly and stop.
- Neutralize the controls.
- Set the parking brake.
- Turn off the ignition.
- If the truck is parked on an incline, block the wheels.
How do you check transmission fluid on a forklift?
How to check the hydraulic fluid level
- Gather your Dipstick. Most Original Equipment Managers use the same dipstick for various forklift models. …
- Park on a ground level. …
- Keep your forks in a standard position. …
- Simply pull the dipstick to check the fluid level.
- Use the fluid recommended by the manufacturer.
18 сент. 2018 г.
How often should operators inspect their forklift?
Federal OSHA requires that forklift vehicles have to be inspected at least daily, or after each shift when used around the clock. You will find this requirement in the Powered Industrial Truck standard at 1910.178(q)(7). OSHA does not require that forklift inspections be documented.
What is the most common type of forklift?
The Counterbalance is the most common type of forklift. This type of lift has its forks at the front of the machine and is designed with a weight in the back to offset or counter the balance of the load on the front.
What are you looking for when inspecting the wheels of a forklift?
Wheels and tires – check for wear, damage, and air pressure, if pneumatic tires. Forks – forks not bent or at different heights; no cracks present; positioning latches in good working condition; carriage teeth not broken, chipped or worn.
What is the weight of a forklift?
A unique vehicle
While the average automobile weighs around 3,000 pounds, the average forklift weighs around 9,000 pounds. Also, forklifts are heavier in the rear to counter the weight of items being carried in the forks.
Which side of the forklift is supporting more weight?
The forklift is more stable when it is properly loaded than when it is unloaded. However, improper loading, such as loading the forklift beyond its capacity, or loading an oversize or wide load without adjusting the weight, will cause the forklift to tipover, either laterally on its side or longitudinally forward.
How is forklift capacity calculated?
The maximum Load Moment for a truck is derived by multiplying the weight rating of the forklift by the center load distance. If we multiply the 5,000-pound capacity of our theoretical forklift by its 24-inch center load, we arrive at a maximum Load Moment of 120,000 inch-pounds.