Here are examples situations that can cause a forklift to tip over: The center of gravity is on the side of the stability triangle. This might be caused by turning a corner, having an unbalanced load, driving into a pothole, or traveling on a sloping surface.
What can cause a forklift to tip over lengthways?
FOUR CAUSES OF FORWARD FORKLIFT TIP OVERS
- Carrying Loads Heavier Than Recommended Load Ratings. …
- Carrying a load with the mast tilting forward. …
- Accelerating or braking too quickly. …
- Lifting or lowering a load on a slope. …
- Turning too abruptly. …
- Turning with a load that’s been raised too high.
What to do if forklift starts to tip over?
If the forklift is tipping over, protect yourself by staying put: Stay in your seat and do not attempt to jump off. Lean away from the falling direction of the lift. Hold onto the steering wheel and make sure you’re stable.
Why are unloaded forklifts more likely to tip over?
Most tip over incidents involve unloaded forklifts, which are more unstable than a loaded forklift with the load carried low. To avoid a forklift tipping over, the most important specifications to consider are lift capacity, the maximum load supported, and vertical lift travel.
How do forklifts not tip over?
At the back of every forklift is a counterweight. The size of this counterweight will depend on the capacity of the forklift. … The counterweight acts as a balance for the weight being lifted by the truck’s forks. As long as the center of gravity is inside the wheelbase for the vehicle, the forklift won’t tip over.
Can a forklift tip over without a load?
Forklift Safety Rule Two: Don’t tip over. Many untrained operators assume that they can drive faster without a load, but look at the location of the CG with unloaded forks. … On the other hand a loaded forklift is more likely to tip forward with the CG now closer to the front axle.
Where can you not park a forklift?
Do not park the forklift in a location with its fork arms protruding the passageway, where there are a lot of pedestrians who will have to step over them. Do not leave the truck in any access doorways and it should not block any stairways of the workplace. Never leave the truck near first aid stations.
Which steps should you do every time you park a forklift?
- Select an area to park. Do not park in an unauthorized area. Do not block an aisle or exits. Follow your company’s parking procedures.
- Apply brake slowly and stop.
- Neutralize the controls.
- Set the parking brake.
- Turn off the ignition.
- If the truck is parked on an incline, block the wheels.
When you stop a lift truck by braking you should?
8 When you stop the forklift by “plugging”, you should: b. Move the control handle through neutral to the opposite direction to slow the forklift, then release the deadman pedal to stop.
Why are forklifts so dangerous?
There are many factors that explain why forklifts are dangerous: … The load of a forklift is carried in the front of the vehicle, blocking the line of sight of the operator. Forklifts are frequently required to lift heavy loads to high places. Mistakes made during lifting can lead to serious injuries from falling loads.
How can the risk associated with rear end swing be controlled?
Ensure that the rear end swings clear of materials, racks equipment and pedestrians when rounding corners or manoeuvring in aisle and tight places. A competent driver actually starts to pick up or place a load many feet before he arrives at the exact destination.
When tilting a load forward at height Why is there an increased risk of the truck tipping forward?
The risk of tip over increases if the load is too far forward on the forks, unstably balanced, or top heavy. Any of these problems can reset the truck’s center of gravity and push it outside of the wheel base.
Which truck will resist tipping over sideways?
Forklifts have a “stability triangle”. A vertical line extending from the center of gravity of the vehicle and load combination must be inside of the stability triangle to prevent the forklift from tipping forward, falling sideways or dropping its load, as shown in the diagram below.
Why do Forklifts weigh so much?
Why Forklifts Weigh So Much
The main reason a forklift is so heavy is that they include the counterweight. This is necessary to keep the forklift from tipping over when it’s in use.
When picking up a load it should be tilted?
The mast must be carefully tilted backward to stabilize the load.
- Ensure the load is secured before moving.
- Carefully tilt the mast backward to stabilize the load. [ …
- Slowly move the truck to 20 to 30 cm (8 to 12 inches) away from the stack.
- Stop the truck.
Where is the stability triangle on a forklift?
Lift trucks are built on three-point suspension systems, the physics of which resemble a triangle. Support points lie at both ends of the front axle, with another located at the center of the rear axle. Together, this forms a “stability triangle” that operators must stay within when the truck is in motion.