What is the balance point of a lift truck?

On a sit-down counterbalanced forklift, the fulcrum or pivot point is the axle of the front wheels. It is this product, or Load Moment, which determines how much overturning force is being applied to the forklift.

What is the load center of a forklift?

The load center is the distance from the face of the forks to the load’s center of gravity. Many forklifts are rated using a 24-inch load center, which means that the load’s center of gravity must be 24 inches or less from the face of the forks.

What is the stability triangle of a forklift?

Forklift stability is based on keeping the center of gravity inside what’s called the stability triangle. This stability triangle is made by connecting the two front wheels and the pivot point of the rear axle. The other concept to understand is the forklift’s center of gravity.

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Which is true for a counterbalance lift truck?

Q: Which is true for a counterbalance lift truck: “The higher the lift height… … If the capacity is 3,000 lbs than the truck can lift 3,000 lbs and raise it as high as the forks can go, its just dangerous to drive around with that load or any with the forks raised.

Can a lift truck with a 6000 lb capacity at a 24?

For example, a forklift rated to carry 6,000 lbs at a 24″ would have a maximum load moment of 144,000 pounds. This equation is useful for determining if an unusual load (e.g., one longer than 48″ or with uneven weight distribution) can handle safely. … Divide 144,000 lbs. by 30″.

Can a forklift tip over without a load?

Forklift Safety Rule Two: Don’t tip over. Many untrained operators assume that they can drive faster without a load, but look at the location of the CG with unloaded forks. … On the other hand a loaded forklift is more likely to tip forward with the CG now closer to the front axle.

Where can you not park a forklift?

Do not park the forklift in a location with its fork arms protruding the passageway, where there are a lot of pedestrians who will have to step over them. Do not leave the truck in any access doorways and it should not block any stairways of the workplace. Never leave the truck near first aid stations.

Are daily forklift inspections required?

Federal OSHA requires that forklift vehicles have to be inspected at least daily, or after each shift when used around the clock. You will find this requirement in the Powered Industrial Truck standard at 1910.178(q)(7). OSHA does not require that forklift inspections be documented.

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What is the most common cause of forklift truck accidents?

Forklift overturns are the leading cause of fatalities involving lift trucks. Overturns can be caused by: Improper turning. Driving with an elevated load.

Where is the point of balance on a forklift?

On a sit-down counterbalanced forklift, the fulcrum or pivot point is the axle of the front wheels. It is this product, or Load Moment, which determines how much overturning force is being applied to the forklift.

How much does an unloaded 5000lb capacity lift truck weigh?

For example, if your forklift can lift 5,000 pounds, generally the weight of the forklift will be somewhere between 7,500 and 10,000 pounds.

Which truck will resist tipping over sideways?

Forklifts have a “stability triangle”. A vertical line extending from the center of gravity of the vehicle and load combination must be inside of the stability triangle to prevent the forklift from tipping forward, falling sideways or dropping its load, as shown in the diagram below.

Who is responsible for making sure no one walks or stands under raised loads or forks?

When traveling and the load is too big to see around, you should: drive in reverse. It is the lift truck operator’s responsibility to make sure no one walks or stands under raised loads or forks.

What is the lift trucks rated capacity?

Forklift capacities range from about 3,000 lbs up to more than 70,000+ lbs. You can find the rated capacity of a forklift on its data plate. OSHA requires “only loads within the rated capacity of a truck shall be handled.” It’s easy to think the rated capacity is the same as maximum capacity, but it’s not that simple.

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What is the most common type of lift truck accident?

17 Sep The Most Common Forklift Accidents:

Now, the most common types of a forklift accident are when one overturns, when a worker is stuck, pinned-beneath, or crushed by a forklift, or when a worker falls from a forklift.

How should you drive an unloaded lift truck on a ramp?

Requirements and Recommended Practices:

  1. Drive loaded trucks forward going up a ramp with the load upgrade and drive in reverse going down a ramp with the load upgrade.
  2. Always drive unloaded trucks with the the forks downgrade.
  3. Never drive with the load downgrade.
  4. Never turn a forklift on a grade.
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