At the back of every forklift is a counterweight. The size of this counterweight will depend on the capacity of the forklift. … The counterweight acts as a balance for the weight being lifted by the truck’s forks. As long as the center of gravity is inside the wheelbase for the vehicle, the forklift won’t tip over.
What causes a forklift to tip over?
Here are examples situations that can cause a forklift to tip over: The center of gravity is on the side of the stability triangle. This might be caused by turning a corner, having an unbalanced load, driving into a pothole, or traveling on a sloping surface. … The forklift quickly accelerating in reverse, or.
What should you do if a forklift is tipping over?
If the forklift is tipping over, protect yourself by staying put: Stay in your seat and do not attempt to jump off. Lean away from the falling direction of the lift. Hold onto the steering wheel and make sure you’re stable.
Why are unloaded forklifts more likely to tip over?
Forklift Stability: The Basics
The closer the center of gravity gets to the edge of the triangle the more likely the unit is to tip, especially in the case of a sudden turn or deceleration. … On the other hand a loaded forklift is more likely to tip forward with the CG now closer to the front axle.
How does the forklift work?
How Does the Forklift Hydraulic System Work? The hydraulic system uses a series of cylinders, pistons and fluids to efficiently lift and lower forklift loads. The hydraulic pistons are attached to the forklift’s masts. … Pump: When activated, it pushes fluid through a tube leading to both hydraulic cylinders.
Where can I not park a forklift?
Post ‘No Parking’ Signs: Parked forklifts should not be blocking pedestrian routes, fire lanes, doorways, or access to first aid stations and eyewash stations. Additionally, forklifts should not be parked too close to refueling areas or anywhere near a source of heat/open flames.
What is the maximum safe speed for a forklift?
The Material Handling Equipment Distributors Association (MHEDA) recommends a max speed of 8 mph in general and a 3 mph max speed in areas where pedestrians are present.
Which steps should you do every time you park a forklift?
- Select an area to park. Do not park in an unauthorized area. Do not block an aisle or exits. Follow your company’s parking procedures.
- Apply brake slowly and stop.
- Neutralize the controls.
- Set the parking brake.
- Turn off the ignition.
- If the truck is parked on an incline, block the wheels.
How soon should repairs be made to a forklift?
The more you use your forklift, the more often you should have it serviced by a factory trained technician. A forklift that gets heavy use might require a forklift maintenance visit every 90 days. Be sure to keep a copy of the items inspected on file in case OSHA requests that information.
How often should you inspect a forklift?
Federal OSHA requires that forklift vehicles have to be inspected at least daily, or after each shift when used around the clock. You will find this requirement in the Powered Industrial Truck standard at 1910.178(q)(7). OSHA does not require that forklift inspections be documented.
When should you drive a forklift backwards?
“Drive backwards if the load obstructs your forward view; but use a rotating seat if you have one. Otherwise the frequent twisting will put excessive strain on your spine.” That, in brief, is the recommendation set out for drivers and operators.
Why is an unloaded forklift sometimes unstable?
An unloaded forklift can also tip from the weight of the counterbalance, so safe driving is just ask important with an unloaded lift. … If the bottom of this line goes outside of the stability triangle – because a load is too heavy or too high, or because the forklift is not on a level surface – it will tip over.
Which truck will resist tipping over sideways?
Forklifts have a “stability triangle”. A vertical line extending from the center of gravity of the vehicle and load combination must be inside of the stability triangle to prevent the forklift from tipping forward, falling sideways or dropping its load, as shown in the diagram below.
Which areas on a forklift can cause injuries?
4 Common Causes of Forklift Operator Injury or Death
- Lift trucks are inadvertently driven off loading docks.
- Lifts fall between docks and an unsecured trailer while a worker in onboard.
- Workers (or pedestrians) can be struck by a lift truck.
- Trucks may fall while on elevated pallets and tines.
4 мар. 2019 г.
What are the three major parts of a forklift?
The three major parts of a lift truck are the body (truck), overhead guard, and hydraulic lift. You can place your hands and feet outside of the operator’s compartment, as long as your head and body are protected.
What are the three pedals on a forklift?
- Accelerator Pedal: This gives a boost in speed and acceleration.
- Brake Pedal: Again, it is self-explanatory.
- Clutch Pedal: Some type of forklifts are equipped with a clutch pedal that gives the operator more driving acceleration by shifting from gear to gear.
24 апр. 2020 г.