Follow the listed safety guidelines before initial start up: Level the crane and ensure support surface is firm and able to support the load; contact power line owners and determine precautions; know the location and voltage of overhead power lines; know the basic crane capacities, limitations, job site restrictions; …
What must be done before operating a crane?
Make sure the crane is suitable to lift and travel the load. … Visually inspect the crane before use. Make sure all loose materials, parts, blocking and packing have been removed from the load before lifting. Remove any slack from the sling and hoisting ropes before lifting the load.
What is Crane checklist?
Checking for visible damages including wire ropes, crane hook, outriggers. … etc. Checking the machine condition such as control, brakes, warning signs and more. Checking and inspecting the area of operation.
What are the four basic lifting principles that govern a Cranes mobility and safety?
The four basic lifting principles that govern a crane’s mobility and safety during lifting operations are leverage, structural integrity, stability, and center of gravity.
Which are site specific questions that should be answered before using a crane at a particular location?
1. Know the size and weight of the load you are lifting. 2. Use the load charts from another crane manufacturer.
- How long will the lift take?
- 2.Do you have the proper equipment to perform the lift?
- Where will the load be placed?
- Are there obstacles or equipment in the area that may be exposed to damage?
What types of power does a Category 1 or 4 Crane generally use and what is its source?
Category 1 and 4 Crane Power Types Category 1 and 4 cranes generally use electric or hydraulic power that is supplied by a diesel engine. A collector ring system conveys electrical current from the revolving portion of the crane to the lower crane structure.
Who can operate a crane?
Operators of most cranes above 2,000 lb. capacity when used in construction will need to be either certified by an accredited crane operator testing organization, such as the National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators (NCCCO), or qualified through an audited employer program [§ 1926.1427(a)].
What are the main parts of a crane?
The Various Functions of Mobile Crane Parts
- The Driving Components. In any mobile crane, one of the common components will be the driving system used to make it mobile. …
- The Operator’s Cabin. The operator’s cabin houses all of the crane’s controls. …
- The Boom. …
- Hoist and Hook. …
- Hydraulic Pump. …
- Outriggers and Counterweights.
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How is SWL of Crane calculated?
SWL or WLL are calculated by dividing MBL by a safety factor (SF). An example of this would be a chain that has a MBL of 2000 lbf (8.89 kN) would have a SWL or WLL of 400 lbf (1.78 kN) if a safety factor of 5 (5:1, 5 to 1, or 1/5) is used.
Is WLL and SWL the same?
WLL vs SWL
“WLL” stands for “working load limit” while “SWL” stands for “safe working load.” The main differences between safe working load from working load limit is that “SWL” is the older term. Today, SWL is not used anymore because it has been completely replaced by the term WLL.
What is the principle of Crane?
Cranes, like all machines, obey the principle of conservation of energy. This means that the energy delivered to the load cannot exceed the energy put into the machine. For example, if a pulley system multiplies the applied force by ten, then the load moves only one tenth as far as the applied force.
Which one of the following is not considered to be a crane related hazard?
OSHA’s analysis of crane accidents in general industry and construction identified an average of _____ fatalities per year. Which one of the following is NOT considered to be a crane-related hazard? According to OSHA, hoisting personnel on a platform is NOT considered to be a crane-related hazard.
What must you know when using a load chart?
The load charts are specific to the make, model and configuration of a specific piece of equipment. Don’t forget to include adjustments for buckets, boom extensions, load blocks, hoisting rope and other attachments that will alter the lifting capacity of the crane or equipment used to perform the lift.
What are the most common types of crane accidents?
OSHA’s analysis of crane accidents identified the major causes of crane accidents as:
- boom or crane contact with energized power lines (nearly 45% of the cases)
- under the hook lifting device.
- overturned cranes.
- dropped loads.
- boom collapse.
- crushing by the counter weight.
- outrigger use, falls and rigging failures.
What is hoist Reeving?
Reeving (rope): The reeving of the hoist is the path of the rope between the hoist and the load block. Double reeving is two parts of wire rope leading off of the drum, one from each end of the drum, creating a hook movement referred to as True Vertical Lift.
Does OSHA require a lift plan?
A Crane Lift Plan is required for every crane lift on a Dimeo project – see OSHA Subpart CC for definition of crane. … The Crane Lift Plan may be valid for more than one day, as long as the configuration, location, and parameters used for developing “worst case” condition have not changed.