To move extremely heavy or bulky loads through the overhead space in a facility, instead of through aisles or on the floor, an overhead crane (also called an industrial crane, crane, or overhead traveling crane is a machine that lifts, lowers and moves a load horizontally.
How do overhead cranes work?
Keep overhead crane moving smoothly and avoid the abrupt and jerky movements during lifting. When lifting materials, avoiding everyone close to the hoist hook, sounds a bell and then start to hoist slowly. Strictly follow the signals to operate the crane except the emergency stopping situation.
Which crane is suitable for factory?
Gantry cranes and other so-called ‘overhead’ cranes – which also carry suspended loads in a similar fashion – are widely used in factories and shipyards and similar commercial locations where their robust qualities make them essential equipment.
What is a gantry used for?
A gantry crane is a crane built on top of a gantry, which is a structure used to straddle an object or workspace. They can range from enormous ‘full’ gantry cranes, capable of lifting some of the heaviest loads in the world, to small cranes, used for tasks such as lifting engines out of cars and other vehicles.
What are the three major components of a typical overhead crane system?
Category 2 and 3 Crane Components The principal parts of overhead traveling cranes are: bridge girders, end trucks, trolley with hoisting mechanism, and operator’s cab or pendant control.
What are the major advantages of overhead Travelling Crane?
What are the Benefits of Overhead Cranes?
- Increased Safety. Forklifts carry the risk of imprecise stacking, dropping goods as well as accidents (due to crashing). …
- Improved Load Control. …
- Avoid Floor Obstructions. …
- Improved Ergonomics. …
- Easy Lifting of Loads. …
29 июл. 2016 г.
What are the three functions of a crane?
The main purpose of a crane is to lift extremely heavy amounts of weight. A typical crane is equipped with a hoist rope, wire ropes or chains and sheaves.
Modern day cranes are used for:
- Construction Materials.
- Railroad Tracks.
- Shipping Materials/Equipment.
- Scrap Metal.
- Mobile Homes.
5 нояб. 2015 г.
Why do we need cranes?
A crane is a type of machine, generally equipped with a hoist rope, wire ropes or chains, and sheaves, that can be used both to lift and lower materials and to move them horizontally. It is mainly used for lifting heavy things and transporting them to other places.
What are the types of cranes?
- Telescopic Crane. A telescopic crane offers a boom that has a number of tubes that are fitted inside each other. …
- Mobile Cranes. …
- Truck Mounted Crane. …
- Tower Crane. …
- Rough Terrain Crane. …
- Overhead Crane. …
- Loader Crane.
29 нояб. 2017 г.
Who uses cranes?
For equipment like industrial HVACs, factory equipment, or other large machinery, big fixes need big tools. Repair shops use both bridge and gantry cranes to unload products, move them around the shop, and reload them. Overhead cranes make it much easier to lift goods up and over to each repair station.
How much can a gantry crane lift?
They have spans of 140 metres (460 ft) and can lift loads of up to 840 tonnes (830 long tons; 930 short tons) to a height of 70 metres (230 ft).
What does Ganty mean?
1 : a frame for supporting barrels. 2 : a frame structure raised on side supports so as to span over or around something: such as.
What is the main purpose of gantry girder?
The gantry girders are girders which supports the loads that are transmitted through the traveling wheels of the crane. The crane girder spans from column to column, this usually do not have any lateral support at the intermediate points excepting when a walkway is formed at the top of the girder.
How do you maintain an overhead crane?
Ensure there are no loose, broken, or damaged parts on the hoist, trolley, bridge, runway, or electric systems. Check that the wire rope is reeved and seated in the drum grooves properly. Verify that the bottom block is not twisted (no two lengths of wire rope should touch).
Which motor is used in overhead crane?
While series DC motors consume more power than PMDC motors to produce their electromagnetic field, they’re powerful, efficient at high speeds and produce the most torque; hence, they are used for heavy duty winches. Shunt DC motors are used in constant speed applications, 18 such as reel drives.
What is the full form of EOT crane?
Electric overhead traveling crane or EOT crane is one of the most common types of overhead crane, or called bridge cranes, which consist of parallel runways with a traveling bridge spanning the gap.