Use Whip Line (Auxiliary Hoist): Tap elbows with one hand; then use regular signals. Raise Boom: Arm extended, fingers closed, thumb pointing upward. Lower Boom: Arm extended, fingers closed, thumb pointing downward. Swing: Point with a finger in direction of swing of a boom.
What type of hand signal should be used for crane safety?
OSHA enforces standards and training requirements for safe working environments across multiple industries, including construction in the United States. Stop signals are one the most important hand signals used on a construction site. When stop signals are used operation of the equipment must be halted.
Where are crane operator hand signals found?
Using standard hand signals is the most widely used manner of signaling a crane operator. A hand signal chart can usually be found on the side of the crane or it should be conspicuously posted in the vicinity of where hoisting operations are being conducted.
How do you signal a tower crane?
Arm extended, point in direction of swing of boom. pointing up, move hand in small horizontal circles. Both fists in front of body, with thumbs pointing outward. With arm extended down, move forefinger; pointing down, move hand in circles.
When people are near the load what is the signal person’s responsibility prior to requesting crane movement?
(a) – Prior to beginning operations, the operator, signal person and lift director (if there is one), must contact each other and agree on the voice signals that will be used.
Who can operate a crane?
Operators of most cranes above 2,000 lb. capacity when used in construction will need to be either certified by an accredited crane operator testing organization, such as the National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators (NCCCO), or qualified through an audited employer program [§ 1926.1427(a)].
What marking must be clearly visible on a crane?
OSHA standard 1910.179(b)(5) states that “The rated load of the crane shall be plainly marked on each side of the crane, and if the crane has more than one hoisting unit, each hoist shall have its rated load marked on it or its load block and this marking shall be clearly legible from the ground or floor.”
How should you signal the crane operator to move slowly?
Move Slowly: Use one hand to give any motion signal and place the other hand motionless in front of the hand giving the motion signal.
Whose job is it to inspect cranes at the jobsite?
Chapter 5-2 of the ASME B30 regulation discusses the inspection, testing, and maintenance requirements of mobile cranes. Before a crane arrives at a jobsite, the Site Supervisor must ensure that the crane has been kept in acceptable condition and is safe to be used for the intended purpose.
What is the most common cause of crane related fatalities?
The most common cause of fatalities is workers or bystanders who are struck by an object that falls from the cranes. Other causes include being run over by a crane, falling from a crane, and electrocution.
Who can give a stop or emergency stop signal?
Anyone who becomes aware of a safety problem must alert the operator or signal person by giving the stop or emergency stop signal. (Note: § 1926.1417(y) requires the operator to obey a stop or emergency stop signal).
What part of the crane is used to lift and lower the load?
Hoist – A mechanical unit that is used for lifting and lowering a load via a hook or lifting attachment.
What affects the amount of weight a crane can lift?
For example, if the boom of the crane is extended to 250 feet and the radius (the distance from the center of the load to the center of the crane) is 180 feet, the max load weight drops considerably. The shorter the lift, the more weight can be handled. Transportation of the cranes also needs to be considered.
What are the three functions of a crane?
The main purpose of a crane is to lift extremely heavy amounts of weight. A typical crane is equipped with a hoist rope, wire ropes or chains and sheaves.
Modern day cranes are used for:
- Construction Materials.
- Railroad Tracks.
- Shipping Materials/Equipment.
- Scrap Metal.
- Mobile Homes.
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Who must inspect the rigging on a crane?
A qualified rigger (a rigger who is also a qualified person) shall inspect the rigging prior to each shift in accordance with § 1926.251.
What types of power does a Category 1 or 4 Crane generally use and what is its source?
Category 1 and 4 Crane Power Types Category 1 and 4 cranes generally use electric or hydraulic power that is supplied by a diesel engine. A collector ring system conveys electrical current from the revolving portion of the crane to the lower crane structure.